Mr Anton Bredell The Honourable Minister of Local Government Environment Affairs and Development Planning

Dr Baard Cape Nature

Liezl de Villiers Senior Environmental Management Section Overstrand Municipality

25th August 2020,

Honourable Minister Bredell,

The undersigned organizations are part of the Wildlife Animal Protection Forum South Africa (WAPFSA), an alliance of diverse South African NGOs that share certain values, knowledge and objectives and that collectively comprise a body of expertise from scientific, conservation, legal, welfare, rights, tourism, social justice and public advocacy sectors.

It has come to our attention that Human Wildlife Solutions has been recently contracted by the Overstrand Municipality to manage the Bettys Bay baboon troop, consisting presently of sixteen individuals, within the world renowned Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve.

We note that the management protocols followed by HWS are those produced by the Baboon Technical Team for use in the City of Cape Town and now accepted by Cape Nature (as the Western Cape conservation organisation) “as permit conditions to standardise and regulate management interventions by, for example, local authorities” for baboon management in the Western Cape.

We have continuously expressed that the protocols need to be reviewed and revised (Attached Annexure A and B) as the efficacy of the management is dependent on better control of human behaviours through management of waste and overall reduction of deterrents which entice baboons into human occupied areas. It is clear that the various municipalities are responsible for solid waste management, signage and by-laws that enforce the systems – but it is Cape Nature who issues permits that allow:

  1. The use of lethal management, referred to by Cape Nature as “selective removal of recalcitrant problem animals”.
  2. The use of pain aversion, through use of paintball guns, and sound aversion through use of bear bangers.
  3. The use of loud playback recordings of leopards, other predators, or the sounds of animals being killed to represent an unnatural landscape of fear in attempts to prevent the baboons utilising historic home ranges. A practise which has been condemned by leopard advocacy groups and reputable zoologists.

We submit that the issuance of permits that allow the use of these ‘tools in the toolbox’ should be ceased until a more considerate and comprehensive management plan is in place.

The current guidelines and protocols cannot be applied to every scenario. Protocols written for dense urban settings are not to be considered the same for low density housing in a natural/protected environment. We therefore request that a fully inclusive workshop is hosted to revise the management systems and draft a comprehensive, compromise management document for management of baboons and primates in South Africa.

It cannot be denied that globally, wildlife is widely threatened. To have UNESCO declared Biosphere Reserves in South Africa is indeed a privilege. The Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve is the oldest of these and is designed to protect the world’s smallest plant kingdom and unique ecosystem of which baboons are an integral part. It is a foregone conclusion that lethal management of our small numbers of extant baboons should not be sanctioned by the authorities. Our request is an urgent one before HWS are allowed ‘hands on’ management (using the current inappropriate protocols) of the previously never-managed KBR troop in Bettys Bay, while simultaneously addressing the needs of all other baboons in the Western Cape.

The interface between baboons and humans will come under increasing pressure as intensive land use continues to put wildlife under extreme pressure. How we manage that interface needs careful consideration and we should be evolving management techniques, encouraging the employment, skills development and care of environment through developing the management system and not simply resorting to deliberately inflicting pain or killing of wildlife.

Dr Jane Goodall has recognised that what is planned for the Bettys Bay troop of baboons is unacceptable, and by extension should be unacceptable management for all baboon troops. We urge Minister Bredell to resolve this on-going issue of concern and call for an urgent, inclusive workshop so that the manner in which the interface between humans and primates is managed through an acceptable Management Plan.

Signed: Stefania Falcon, on behalf of the following members of the Wildlife Animal Protection Forum South Africa:

Jenni Trethowan, Founder, Baboon Matters

Winter Worsthorne Founder, Animal Talk Africa

Smaragda Louw Director, Ban Animal Trading

Toni Brockhoven, Co Founder, Beauty Without Cruelty

Peter Oxford, Co Founder, Betty’s Bay Baboon Action Group

Stephen Fritz, Chief, of the South Peninsula Khoisan

Samantha Dewhirst, Director, Centre for Animal Rehabilitation and Education

Michele Pickover, Director, EMS Foundation

Fiona Miles, Director, Four Paws South Africa

Anna Centura, Co Founder, Future 4 Wildife

Jabu Myeni, Environment Educationalist, Gifted for Good

Megan Carr, Founder, Rhinos in Africa

Linda Tucker, Founder and CEO, Global White Lion Protection Trust

Les Mitchell, Director, Insititute for Critical Animals Studies

Steve Smith, Co Founder, Monkey Helpline

Kim Da Ribeira, Director, Outraged Citizens Against Rhino Poaching

Vivien Law, Parliament for the People

Les Abnett, Director, Southern African Fight for Rhinos

Dave du Toit, Founder, Vervet Monkey Foundation

Seara Farista, Youth Climate Group

Guy Jennings, Director, WildAid Southern Africa

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